TSA secures the United States transportation network in many ways, including assisting the U.S. Coast Guard in securing more than 360 maritime ports. While the U.S. Coast Guard is the lead federal agency in securing the maritime mode of transportation, TSA provides support to the Coast Guard in its maritime security efforts and focuses primarily on passenger security and intermodal connectivity to ports.
Maritime transportation includes waterways, ports and multi-modal landside connections. Nearly 100 percent of the volume of overseas trade enters or leaves the U.S. aboard a ship.
The marine transportation system encompasses:
- 25,000 miles of navigable waterways.
- 236 locks at 192 locations.
- The Great Lakes and St. Lawrence Seaway.
- 3,700 marine terminals.
- 1,400 designated multi-modal connections.
- 106 million ferry passengers.
- 32 million recreational boaters.
- 11 million cruise ship passengers.
The foundation of the maritime system includes facilities, structures, systems, assets, and services. These components are of critical importance to the port area and its economy.
TSA offers expert skills and experience in passenger screening, explosives detection, credentialing, and multi-modal security to support the Coast Guard in port security. In addition, TSA works with the Coast Guard and other government agencies to provide subject-matter experts, share security information with the public and review of security documents from various agencies.
TSA also provides support by producing and distributing security training materials for passenger vessel crews and terminal employees through TSA’s Intermodal Security Training and Exercise Program also known as I-STEP. TSA facilitates I-STEP exercises across all surface modes to help transportation entities test and evaluate their security plans, including prevention and preparedness capabilities, ability to respond to threats, and cooperation with first responders from other entities. TSA also offers six maritime-related passenger vessel security training courses for use by the maritime industry.
In partnership with the Coast Guard, TSA administers the Transportation Worker Identification Credential program, which is required for workers who need access to secure areas of the nation’s maritime facilities and vessels.
TSA’s mission to secure all modes of transportation, including maritime, is ensured through enhanced security protocols, use of state-of-the-art technologies, improved identification techniques, exercising best practices, and interagency partnerships, like that with U.S. Coast Guard, that strengthen transportation security.