Within the surface transportation systems, TSA’s primary security focus is in oversight, cooperation, and regulation. TSA works collaboratively with surface transportation operators, local, state and federal security partners to ensure appropriate security postures are employed. Along with industry partners, TSA safeguards all four general modes of land-based transportation: mass transit, freight rail, highway motor carrier and pipeline; and supports in maritime security efforts.

Click on any of the modes below for more information.

Surface Transportation Security Grants

DHS has directed funding for surface transportation security grants for mass transit and passenger rail, trucking, freight rail, intercity buses and certain ferry systems to fund operational deterrence; hardening of tunnels, high-density stations and bridges; and other security efforts. TSA reviews and prioritizes projects for appropriated surface transportation security grants. Final funding awarded is based on a multi-agency recommendation, including TSA and FEMA, to the Secretary of Homeland Security. Surface transportation security grant programs include, but are not limited to:

  • Transit Security Grant Program: Created by the DHS Appropriations Act of 2005, and authorized by the Implementing the Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, this program provides funding to the owners and operators of passenger rail, intra-city bus and certain ferry systems.
  • Freight Rail Security Grant Program: Authorized the 9/11 Act and initiated in FY 2008, this program funds security initiatives for freight rail carriers and related entities that transport rail sensitive security materials through high density population areas.
  • Intercity Passenger Rail Security Grant Program: Authorized by the 9/11 Act, this program provides dedicated funding to Amtrak to support operational activities, site hardening, training and other activities that secure Amtrak’s system.
  • Intercity Bus Security Grant Program: Created by the DHS Appropriations Act of 2005 and authorized by the 9/11 Act, this program supports security efforts of operators of fixed route intercity and charter bus services.
  • Trucking Security Program: This program enhances highway security through initiatives such as participant identification and recruitment, planning, training, communications and information analysis and distribution. It has not been funded since FY 2009.

Effective management of the surface transportation security grant programs entails a collaborative effort and partnership within DHS, the dynamics of which require continuing outreach, coordination and interface. For the grant programs, FEMA operates the administrative mechanisms needed to implement and manage the grant program. TSA provides subject matter expertise on all matters relating to surface transportation security and other programmatic updates, and assists by coordinating the myriad intelligence information and risk/vulnerability assessments resulting in ranking and rating surface transportation assets nationwide against threats associated with potential terrorist attacks and in defining the parameters for identifying, protecting, deterring, responding to and recovering from such incidents. Together, these two agencies with additional assistance and cooperation of the Federal Transit Administration, for rail and mass transit systems, the Federal Railroad Administration as needed for freight rail operations, and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration for intercity buses, determine the primary security architecture of the surface transportation security grant programs.

For additional information on these grant programs, please visit FEMA Preparedness (Non-Disaster) Grants or email your inquiry.

Surface Information Sharing on HSIN-CI

The Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN) is the trusted network for homeland security mission operations to share sensitive but unclassified information. HSIN-Critical Infrastructure (HSIN-CI) is the primary system through which private sector owners and operators, DHS, and other federal, state, and local government agencies collaborate to protect the nation’s critical infrastructure. HSIN-CI provides real-time collaboration tools including a virtual meeting space, document sharing, alerts, and instant messaging at no charge. HSIN access is based on nomination and acceptance into one or more HSIN communities. If you are not currently an HSIN user, please send an email to to request access and include the following information:

  • First and last name
  • Valid email address
  • Requested community or field of interest
  • Reason for access

The sponsoring organization of the requested HSIN community will review the application.

Individuals in the Field of Transportation

The field of transportation includes any individual, activity, entity, facility, owner or operator that is subject to regulation by TSA, the Department of Transportation or the U.S. Coast Guard. This also includes individuals applying for trusted traveler programs, such as TSA PreCheck™. Read the legal interpretation in Docket ID TSA-2016-0001.